Industrie und handelskammer definition
The world's oldest English-speaking chamber of commerce is the Jersey Chamber founded in February ,  the same year the New York City Chamber was founded,  The oldest known existing chamber in the English-speaking world with continuous records, the Glasgow Chamber of Commerce,  was founded in As a non-governmental institution, a chamber of commerce has no direct role in the writing and passage of laws and regulations that affect businesses.
It may however, lobby in an attempt to get laws passed that are favorable to businesses. Chambers of commerce can range in scope from individual neighborhoods within a city or town up to an international chamber of commerce.
In the United States, chambers do not operate in the same manner as the Better Business Bureau in that, while the BBB has the authority to bind its members under a formal operation doctrine and, thus, can remove them if complaints arise regarding their services , the local chamber membership is either voluntary or required by law.
In addition, Chambers represent the interests of businesses, while the BBB represents both the interests of businesses and the general public. Chambers of commerce also can include economic development corporations or groups though the latter can sometimes be a formal branch of a local government, the groups work together and may in some cases share office facilities as well as tourism and visitor bureaus.
Currently, there are about 13, chambers registered in the official Worldchambers Network registry, and the chamber of commerce network is the largest business network globally. This network is informal, with each local chamber incorporated and operating separately, rather than as a chapter of a national or state chamber.
Chambers of commerce in the United States can be considered community, city, regional, state, or nationwide United States Chamber of Commerce. City Chambers work on the local level to bring the business community together to develop strong local networks, which can result in a business-to-business exchange. In most cases, city Chambers work with their local government, such as their mayor, their city council and local representatives to develop pro-business initiatives.
Community chambers of commerce started [ when? Community chambers of commerce are smaller and most [ quantify ] have a limits on numbers of members. City chambers of commerce have a long history in the US. The Charleston Chamber of Commerce is one of the oldest, dating back to colonial The Boston Tea Party. In there were 2, chambers of commerce in the United States and chambers representing U.
State chambers of commerce are much different from local and regional chambers of commerce, as they work on state and sometimes federal issues impacting the business community. Just as the local chamber is critical to the local business community, state chambers serve a unique function, serving as a third party voice on important business legislation that impact the business community and are critical in shaping legislation in their respective state.
In comparison with state trade associations, which serve as a voice and resource to a particular industry, state chambers are looked to as a respected voice, representing the entire business community to enhance and advocate for a better business environment.
Understanding the National or International need for understanding and information is the key service that these level of chambers of commerce provide.
Under the compulsory or public law model, enterprises of certain sizes, types, or sectors are obliged to become members of the chamber. This model is common in European Union countries e.
Main tasks of the chambers are foreign trade promotion, vocational training, regional economic development, and general services to their members. The chambers were given responsibilities of public administration in various fields by the state which they exercise in order management. The chambers also have a consultative function; this means the chambers must be consulted whenever a new law related to industry or commerce is proposed. In Germany, the chambers of commerce and industry IHK - Industrie- und Handelskammer and the chambers of skilled crafts HwK - Handwerkskammer are public statutory bodies with self-administration under the inspectorate of the state ministry of economy.
Enterprises are members by law according to the chamber act IHK-Gesetz of Because of this, such chambers are much bigger than chambers under private law. IHK Munich, the biggest German chamber of commerce, has , member companies. Under the private model, which exists in English-speaking countries like USA, Canada or the UK, but as well in Sweden , Finland , [ citation needed ] Norway and Denmark , companies are not obligated to become chamber members.
However, companies often become members to develop their business contacts and, regarding the local chambers the most common level of organization , to demonstrate a commitment to the local economy. Though governments are not required to consult chambers on proposed laws, the chambers are often contacted given their local influence and membership numbers. A multilateral chamber is formed of companies and sometimes individuals from different countries with a common business interest towards or in a specific country.
The chambers also have a consultative function; this means the chambers must be consulted whenever a new law related to industry or commerce is proposed. In Germany, for over years, the chambers of commerce and industry IHK - Industrie- und Handelskammer and the chambers of skilled crafts HwK - Handwerkskammer are public statutory bodies with self-administration under the inspectorate of the state ministry of economy. Enterprises are members by law according to the chamber act IHK-Gesetz of Because of this, such chambers are much bigger than chambers under private law.
IHK Munich, the biggest German chamber of commerce, has , member companies. Exceptions are skilled craftsmen, freelancers and agricultural businesses. German American Chambers of Commerce is a bilateral trade organization promoting German and German-American businesses within the United States and worldwide in 90 countries and locations.
They do this by providing "events, such as networking receptions, economic forums, members only events, Industry specific conferences, business luncheons, seminars" including lobbying the American government agencies. The GACC publishes various articles, journals and reports. These include, but are not limited to: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Deutscher Industrie und Handelskammertag. Retrieved September 24, Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 31 August